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Electrical semiconductor characterization
Luminescence dating, research, dosimetry and more
Free radical measurements in life science and biomedical applications
Mono- and Multi-crystalline wafer lifetime measurement device
State of the art system for topographic electrical characterization of multicrystalline bricks in fabs with high throughput....
Production integrated high speed wafer mapping of carrier lifetime. Single wafer topograms in less than one second a wafer.
Low cost table top lifetime measurement system for characterization of a variety of different silicon samples at different...
Mono- and Multi-crystalline wafer and brick lifetime measurement device
Flexible OEM unit for lifetime measurements at a variety of different samples ranging from mono- to multicrystalline silicon...
Microwave Detected Photo Induced Current Transient Spectroscopy
The minority carrier life time is sensitive for all kinds of electrically active defects in semiconductors and is therefore...
MDP is an advanced technology with a so far unsurpassed combination of sensitivity, speed and resolution for fab and lab...
benchtop PID test solution
for fast and routine production level quality control of solar cells
user friendly and advanced operating software
The PIDcon devices are designed to investigate the PID susceptibility for production monitoring of solar cells as well as tests...
Learn more about the reasons for PID and the how the susceptibility of solar cells, mini modules and encapsulation materials can...
for ultra-fast crystal orientation and rocking curve measurements
flexible diffractometer for ultra-fast Omega Scan orientation determination
for AT, SC, FC, IT cut Blanks
three generations of X-ray engineers
in industrial production, R&D and more
discover the most convenient way of measuring orientation of single crystals
The microelectronic industry drives present global technological developments. It is one reason for the success of information...
Solar Energy is one of the key elements for the energy revolution that is currently taking place all over the world. In the last...
Research and development is the driving force for the expanding market for semiconductor products in the PV and microelectronic...
The impact of the development of the crystal growth methods on modern technology is often underestimated. We use products...
Freiberg Instruments is one of the world's fast growing, young and dynamic analytical instrumentation companies
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Our quality management system is an integrated process-oriented system with ISO 9001 certification.
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The glass of a module and especially its resistivity is crucial for the PID susceptibility of a module. Hence the glass needs to be investigated separately from the influence of the solar cell and the EVA.
Since the PV community became aware of the PID problem, a lot of investigations have been made and it became clear that not only the solar cell itself and its SiNx layer, but also the encapsulation material has a huge influence on the PID susceptibility of the module. Besides the polymer foil the glass has to be investigated.
The PIDcon enables the investigation of the influence of the glass on the PID susceptibility. In the PIDcon a sample stack is used, which simulates a module. The user simply has to put in a solar cell, the EVA foil and on top of that the glass that should be investigated. Of course solar cells from the same batch as well as the same EVA foil have to be used for comparison. In table 1 the ion analysis of the different investigated glass types by ICP is displayed.
For more information please read: V. Naumann, Ursachenanalyse und physikalische Modellbildung für potenzial-induzierte Degradation von Silizium-Solarzellen, Dissertation, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (2014)